Security, a major theme of the next presidential election, was at the heart of Emmanuel Macron’s program this Monday. The president-candidate, entangled in a controversy after his remarks on the unvaccinated , went on a trip to the former Saint Roch hospital in Nice, site of ‘a future “police hotel” at 200 million euros planned for December 2023. The opportunity for the quasi-candidate to defend his balance sheet and his projects beyond 2021 on this theme, on which the right is also eagerly awaited.
“We have these last five years, in accordance with the commitment I made, reinvested in our security”, he launched in front of elected officials, associations , members of the police and residents. “There is a right to a quiet life and that we do not give in to some incivility, whatever, we still have to put the means”, he said, recalling the 10 000 job creation in the police force since 1500.
Here is what the Head of State also proposed.
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A budget increase of 13 Billions of Euro’s
Emmanuel Macron promised on Monday that the security budget would be increased by 13 billion euros over five years, within the framework of the “Orientation and Programming Law of the Ministry of the Interior” (Lopmi). Or an increase of 24% on the current budget.
Concretely, the budget of the ministry would be increased by one billion in the first year, by two in the second year and so on up to five billion more in the fifth year, by so that the total would reach 10 billions at the end of the Lopmi.
But this bill, which will be presented in March to the Council of Ministers, should not be voted until after the presidential election.
A doubling of the police force on the ground here 2025
Emmanuel Macron said he wanted to “overtake the police on the ground from here 2030 “. This measure will complement the creation of 000 law enforcement posts since the start of the five-year term.
He explained on Monday that to achieve this objective over the next five years, the orientation and programming law of the Ministry of the Interior (Lopmi) would put “a end to undue tasks “, such as guarding public buildings, transferring detainees, policing court hearings, etc. In total, this should allow “42 police and gendarmes “to put them on the public highway.
In addition, Emmanuel Macron announced an acceleration in the release of police and gendarmes from administrative tasks. “There will be no more, he said, from 2022 only one of these personnel active in the functions of administrative control at our borders or management of administrative detention centers (CRA) “. “This will allow us to deliver no less than 40 agents on the public highway, “he said.
According to corroborating sources, for example, there will no longer be police officers in Roissy airport nor in Orly airport to check passports, but administrative staff .
Finally, Emmanuel Macron also announced the doubling in five years of investigators dedicated to domestic violence, bringing the number to 4000 investigators.
Creation of 200 gendarmerie brigades and a “republican action force for the neighborhoods” On the side of the gendarmerie, Emmanuel Macron committed to the creation of 111 gendarmerie brigades in rural areas and a “republican action force for neighborhoods” in order to “secure” these neighborhoods and ‘help dismantle’ the points of the deal.
“We are going to create 111 gendarmerie brigades in rural areas which could take the form of new types of establishments with experiments which will be launched in several departments “, indicated the president,” to restore tranquility in the most rural districts “.
Emmanuel Macron also announced the creation of a “republican action force for neighborhoods”, or “an action force which, in neighborhoods experiencing difficulties , will allow us to plan for several months dedicated security forces who will come to secure the neighborhood, help dismantle the main points of the deal, “he said.
According to corroborating sources, this “interministerial force” will accompany “the prefects, in areas exposed to an outbreak of violence or to significant drug trafficking”. It will be made up of police officers, judicial police officers (OPJ), finance officials, but also educational staff, social workers … “We are not sending the army but security / social assistance”, according to these sources.
Street harassment: a tripling of the fine
Emmanuel Macron said he wanted to triple at 300 euros the fine for street harassment , an act which will be qualified as a “misdemeanor”. The doubling of the workforce mentioned above will be effective in transport, “at the times when the attacks are most noted”, according to the president.
Emmanuel Macron argued that “among the victims of thefts with or without violence and of sexual violence in public transport” women represented “respectively 56% and 95% of victims for 42% Population” .
Generalization of fixed tort fines (AFD)
The President of the Republic declared on Monday that he wanted to adopt a generalization of fixed tort fines (AFD) for punished crimes by sentences of less than one year in prison. While traveling to Nice, the president explained that this generalization of AFD, used in particular to fight against the consumption of narcotics, was “an element of simplification” which will allow “magistrates to concentrate on more important cases”.
Cyber-security: recruitment of 1449 cyber patrollers
Regarding cybersecurity, Emmanuel Macron intends to create 1500 additional cyber patrol posts , as well as a cyber training school to fight digital attacks, as part of a billion euro investment plan. The training school will be created within the Ministry of the Interior to train police officers, gendarmes and agents of the intelligence services “on this constantly evolving theme”, according to the Elysee.
In all, there will be a massive deployment of one billion euros of investments, also with a recruitment plan “to seek the best profiles from the company civil “.
In addition, the Head of State announced the establishment of a digital equivalent of “the call 17 “so that each citizen can report a cyberattack (virus, hacking, etc.) directly and be immediately put in touch with a specialized operator. In France, companies have suffered on average 10% more cyberattacks in 2021 than the previous year, according to a report by the cybersecurity company Orange Cyberdéfense published in early December. The average number of confirmed cyberattacks per company is 40 per month for the first ten months of 2021, vs 37 on average over the same period in 2020.
by Marylin Maeso
By Sylvain Fort
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