If there is a symbol of pure and absolute love above races, religions or cultures, that is the mausoleum of the Taj Mahal. Its construction by a Mughal sultan, to house the tomb of which was his great love, is full of many legends and has served for years to mythologize eternal love, generation after generation, fascinating and inspiring travelers and travelers alike. writers throughout the centuries. But, do we know what the real story is that inspired the construction of one of those considered as the seven wonders of the modern world?
It was the year 1607 when the then Imperial Prince Yurram, later known as the Muslim emperor Shah Jahan , met Princess Arjumand Banu Begum in a bazaar in the Indian city of Agra, capital of the Mughal Empire between the 16th and 18th centuries , only 15 years old and daughter of the Prime Minister of the Court. Legend has it that the young woman was trying on a diamond necklace worth 10,000 rupees and the prince, who was not exactly poor, paid for the jewel without hesitation, immediately conquering the heart of the princess.
Which Famous Landmark was built by an emperor to Honor his late wife?
Despite his status as a prince, not all his wishes were so simple to fulfill and the reasons of state forced him to forget Arjumand and take as his wife someone of the same rank, a princess daughter of the King of Persia. But the prince could never forget that young woman who had conquered his heart and, since Muslim law allowed him to have several wives, five years after that first meeting and without ever having seen each other once more, the prince was able to fulfill his dream and marry his beloved.
The wedding, lavish as it could not be less, was not celebrated until May 20, 1612 since, despite the wishes of the prince, the astrologers did not agree until that moment on a favorable date that would ensure the happiness of the new marriage. The ceremony took place in the city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh state, about 200 kilometers southeast of Delhi and during it, the emperor named Arjumand, Mumtaz Mahal, ‘the chosen one or the pearl of the palace’ according to different translations .
Although it was not his first wife, in fact it was the fourth, it was the favorite and with her he had 12 children before the pain made its appearance in this beautiful love story. After several years of conjugal happiness, the prince was crowned in 1627 taking the name of Shah Jahan, ‘King of the world’ and was known as a kind ruler, a great lover of his people and of peace. But happiness never lasts forever and less in the love stories that pass to posterity and soon the tragedy would violently shake their lives.
1.Answer: Which famous landmark was built by an emperor to honor his late wife?
The Emperor was so delighted with the result, that he ordered that the thumbs of many of the builders be amputated, so that they’d never be able to build a monument…
2.Answer: Which famous landmark was built by an emperor to honor his late wife?
The answer is: Taj Mahal. Answer: The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, India. It was commissioned by …
3.Answer: Which famous landmark was built by an emperor to honor his late wife?
The Taj Mahal is an enormous mausoleum complex commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to house the remains of his beloved wife.
4.Answer: Which famous landmark was built by an emperor to honor his late wife?
The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58) to immortalize his wife Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”), who died in childbirth in 1631, having been the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612.
7.Answer: Which famous landmark was built by an emperor to honor his late wife?
Taj Mahal is situated in Agra, India and the beauty of Taj Mahal is unbeatable. It was made in the 16th century by a Mughal king Shahjahan for his beloved wife. This is a normal story that everyone knows, but now let us go in the very detail of the story that lead to the making of this heavenly monument named the great Taj Mahal.
8.Answer: Which famous landmark was built by an emperor to honor his late wife?
Trajan (/ ˈ t r eɪ dʒ ən / TRAY-jən; Latin: Caesar Nerva Traianus pronounced [ˈkae̯sar ˈnɛr.wa t̪rajˈjaːnʊs]; 18 September 53 – 8 August 117) was Roman emperor from 98 to 117. Officially declared by the Senate optimus princeps (“best ruler”), Trajan is remembered as a successful soldier-emperor who presided over the second-greatest military expansion in Roman history, after …
9.Answer: Which famous landmark was built by an emperor to honor his late wife?
Mughal architecture is the type of Indo-Islamic architecture developed by the Mughals in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries throughout the ever-changing extent of their empire in the Indian subcontinent.It developed the styles of earlier Muslim dynasties in India as an amalgam of Islamic, Persian, Turkic and Indian architecture.Mughal buildings have a uniform pattern of structure and character …
10.Answer: Which famous landmark was built by an emperor to honor his late wife?
It was built by Emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58) to honor his wife Mumtāz Maḥal (“Chosen One of the Palace”), who died in 1631 giving birth to their 14th child. It took about 22 years and 20,000 workers to construct the complex, which includes an immense garden with a reflecting pool.
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Despite her numerous pregnancies, the empress frequently accompanied her husband on his travels around the country. In 1631, after 19 years of happy marriage and during a visit to the Burhanpur campaign, where Shah Jahan’s troops were meeting with the aim of putting down a rebellion, Mumtaz Mahal died suddenly giving birth to the couple’s fourteenth child. , a girl named Gauhara Begum. Before he died, Mumtaz asked his king to fulfill the following promises: to build his tomb, to marry again, to be kind to his children, and to visit his grave every year on the anniversary of his death.
Mumtaz Mahal’s Wishes Fulfilled The emperor and loving husband felt such intense pain that he wished to die alongside his wife . His sadness was so deep that he locked himself in his rooms for eight days and eight nights, without eating or drinking. On the way out, Jahan ordered mourning to be carried out throughout the kingdom by forbidding colored clothing, playing music, wearing perfumes and jewelery and even forbidding smiles among the subjects. Jahan locked himself in the palace in his grief and did not reappear until a year later in great age and, to the amazement of his subjects, his hair and beard had turned white in just a few months.
Although Mumtaz’s body was originally interred temporarily in Burhanpur, in a walled garden known as Zainabad originally built by Shah Jahan’s uncle, on the banks of the Tapti River, the emperor never intended to leave her there. In 1631, Mumtaz’s body was exhumed and transported in a beautiful golden sepulcher , escorted by his son Shah Shuja and the Imperial Princess Jahanara Begum, to the city of Agra where the Imperial Palace was located.
Once there, Mumtaz was buried in a small building on the banks of the Yamuna River until finally Jahan complied with the first of his wife’s requests, and, unfortunately, the only one that the emperor could fulfill. Jahan determined that Mumtaz would have the most beautiful tomb the world had ever seen, thus paying tribute to his beloved that would last forever and ever and he succeeded.
With that idea in mind, the emperor had the building complex of the Taj Mahal built, which is generally translated as “Palace of the Crown” or “Crown of the Palace”, although historians claim that its designation is nothing more than an abbreviation. from the name of Mumtaz Mahal. The chosen location was the curve that the Yamuna River that reaches Agra from the north so that its waters reflected the changes of light from the white marble walls of the palace whose construction lasted for twenty-two years, ending in 1653. More than twenty thousand workers participated in the construction of this tributeto love according to the plans of a council of architects from India, Persia and Central Asia, although it seems that the real inspiration was the emperor himself. The master builder was the Turkish Listad Isa and, legend has it that, when the building was finished, Jahan had his hand cut off to prevent him from repeating a similar work.
The best materials were used for its construction regardless of its place of origin. Everything was little for his beloved. One of the legends that surround this beautiful story is that it was more than a thousand elephants that transported the fine white marble of its walls that was brought from the quarries of Rajasthan. Ox, buffalo and camel carts brought to Agra the jade and crystal of China, the turquoise of Tibet, the lapis lazuli of Afghanistan, the chrysolite of Egypt, the agates of Yemen, the sapphires of Ceylon, the amethysts of Persia, the coral from Arabia, malachite from Russia, quartz from the Himalayas, diamonds from Golconda and amber from the Indian Ocean to decorate the walls and rooms of the mausoleum.
But although the mausoleum is the most emblematic building, the Taj Mahal is not a single construction, but an entire complex of large dimensions . Surrounding the enclosure is a high wall of red sandstone with a monumental entrance door in the south through which you access an immense 300 meter wide courtyard, with a marble pool in the center that reflects the buildings, producing an effect additional symmetry. Each section of the garden is divided by paths into sixteen flower beds , with a central marble pond halfway between the entrance and the mausoleum.
The mausoleum itself is located just on the other side of the patio, in the north, and is located in a symmetrical garden, typically Muslim, crossed by a canal flanked by two rows of cypress trees where its most imposing image is reflected, with a majestic dome that has survived numerous wars throughout history thanks to a gigantic scaffold that was placed as protection in anticipation of an air attack by the Luftwaffe and, later, the Japanese air force and which was re-erected during the wars between India and Pakistan of 1965 and 1971.
Inside the mausoleum is the burial chamber surrounded by thin marble walls inlaid with precious stones that filter natural light . In it are both graves, that of Mumraz represented by a small tablet that symbolizes the blank paper on which her husband writes and that of Jaham, in which a small box of pens is represented to write. As Muslim tradition prohibits elaborate tomb decoration, the bodies of Mumtaz and Jahan actually rest in a relatively simple chamber below this room along a north-south axis, with their faces tilted to the right in the direction of Mecca.
This majestic tribute, however, had dire consequences for Shah Jahan who, lost in his eagerness to honor and venerate the one who was the love of his life, did not notice the costs and the fifty million rupees that he finally spent on its construction, which According to the current valuation, they could amount to more than five hundred million dollars, it caused him to fall into economic ruin and consequently in the loss of his throne at the hands of his third son Aurangzeb in 1658. Although he allowed him to remain alive, he was confined to the Confinement in the Red Fort, from where, sick and defeated, he contemplated the Taj Mahal, his great work, monument to his beloved and refuge for the eternal rest of both.
His confinement, which lasted eight long years, prevented him from completing his dream, which included the construction of his own mausoleum in black marble in the image and likeness of his wife’s , on the other side of the Yamuna River, and which he later intended to unite both through a golden bridge. In fact, today, in front of the Taj Mahal, there remains a remnant, in red stone, of what is said to have been the beginning of the construction of the twin building, although that is also part of the legend that always adorns any story .
A story of eternal love Upon his death, at the age of 74 and after long years of illness, it was his own son, Aurangzeb, who banished the idea of making his father’s dream come true, also taking charge of breaking the symmetry who ruled the entire Taj Mahal complex by burying his father next to Mumtaz Mahal. In the beginning, the tomb of Mumtaz was in the exact center of the main room, so when adding that of Jahan the whole set is displaced to one side.
It is not very clear if Aurangzeb did it out of love, so that his parents could rest together forever or because of the envy they said he felt towards the love that Jahan professed for his wife throughout his life, but the truth is that this break symmetry would have deeply saddened his father who, if he had wanted to rest in the same place as his wife, would have designed the room so that both tombs were built in the center of it.
The truth is that, although Jahan had three other wives, he always kept fidelity to Mumtaz and it is even said that, already on his deathbed, he asked for a mirror to be able to see the grave of his beloved while he had a second to live. Other legends claim, on the other hand, that he did it through a diamond strategically embedded in a certain point of the room and that when he died he gazed spellbound at the resting place of his beloved. What is real is that Jahan dedicated his life to the construction of that monument and, whether or not all the legends surrounding the history of the Taj Mahal are true, for centuries they have managed to immortalize this monument as the symbol of eternal love for all women. couples in love.