when-ai-intervenes-in-the-treatment-of-genetic-diseases-and-cancer

When AI intervenes in the treatment of genetic diseases and cancer

With artificial intelligence, it is now possible to identify cellular malformations . Researchers have found a way to use machine learning to solve these kinds of genetic problems to prevent diseases. These scientists are from Massachusetts General Hospital and the National Cancer Research Center. According to them, it will now be possible to design new treatments against cancer.

The machine learning method used by the researchers allows for detailed and accurate cell analysis. These studies allowed them to understand how cancers attack cells and how cells react. Thus, they seem to have succeeded in finding a way based on the action of proteins on DNA to cure genetic diseases. In order to have enough images of cells after genetic damage, scientists used a powerful tool . The behavior of many proteins has also been observed after DNA damage.

A more effective way to detect tumor cells

Experts have studied the behavior of cells and proteins during DNA damage. It has been found that when DNA is attacked, the cell initiates a damage response, consisting of protein deployment for its repair. By causing damage to tumor cells, chemotherapy ensures the destruction of cancer cells.

However, it does not did not exist a qualitative means to detect tumor cells in order to eliminate them and keep healthy cells. The scientists used a high-throughput microscope which enabled them to take thousands of images of cells as a result of genetic alteration. They then followed by 300 cells to understand their behavior.

This observation allowed them to see that not all proteins are involved in DNA repair.

New proteins such as PHF20 were discovered at the same time. These are more sensitive to DNA irritation and therefore intervene more quickly .

Better cancer therapies?

Scientists believe that by studying how DNA is repaired, they can develop new methods to fight against cancer. “Any new discovery in the field of the repair of the DNA will allow the development of better therapies against cancer. »

Bárbara Martínez, member of a scientific group

It would also be possible to repair and manipulate DNA more easily thanks to the discoveries made by researchers. Also, the tools developed for their study will be used for other research in the field. It will be possible to discover new chemical compounds and even genes influencing DNA.

SOURCE : HEALTHITANALYTICS

Nick Olaizola

Writing is one of the activities that allow me to channel my passion, in addition to philosophy, sport and the game of chess. In everything I do, I try to achieve perfection, knowing that no one can catch up. “We are what we do repeatedly. Excellence, therefore, is not an act. It’s a habit. – Aristotle