Introduced to racehorses and horse racing by English settlers, the first horse racing track in America was built in 1665 in the city of Long Island. Horse racing, a popular entertainment element for a long time, took an important step towards becoming an organized sport after the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783).
The rapid development of the economy and increased interest in betting on horse racing also led to investment in the horse racing industry, and by 1890 there were 314 racecourses nationwide. But after the sport of horse racing spread rapidly without the control of a central Will, the interest of malicious people in horse racing also increased, and those who saw racing as just a gain gate began to damage this sport.
In addition, the country’s elite racing fans, who had invested heavily in this sport, met in New York in 1894 and founded the “Jockey Club of America”. In this way, the development and rules of this sport were put under the control of a single authority.
Kentucky, the richest state in the history of horse racing in America, is also a center that seriously owns this sport. The history of this state continued in 1783 with the relocation of the racetrack to Shippingport Island on the Ohio River in 1805, based on races run in downtown Louisville.
Later, with runs at Hope Distillery (1827), Oakland (1833), Woodlawn (1858) and Greenland (1868), the race took on a whole new dimension with the construction of Churchill Downs Racecourse in 1875. Colonel M. Lewis Clark -based on the knowledge he gained after touring farms and racing fields in England – had also laid the foundation for the traditional Kentucky Derby by building Churchill Downs Racecourse.
Colonel Clark also played a leading role in the founding of the “Louisville Jockey Club”in 1873; indeed, the first Kentucky Derby, run on May 17, 1875, was sponsored by this club.
Saturday May is the first Saturday of the Kentucky Derby, which has a well-deserved reputation all over the world. Three-year-old British horses participate in races held on a sand track with a distance of 1.5 miles (2414 m) until 1896, and 1.25 miles (2012 meters) after that date.
In 1974, the races were limited to 20 horses, and of the dozens of racehorses nominated to compete each year, the horses that earned the most money to their owner in previous races were given the right to compete. The only Derby in which attendance was complete after this date was the 1984 Derby.
However, although 20 horses were registered for the 1996, 1999 and 2002 derbies, not all of the horses were able to participate in the race due to pre-race problems.
In the 1930s, at the suggestion of Sports Writer Charles Hatton, the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes (Baltimore, Maryland) and Belmont Stakes (Elmont, New York) Races began to be called the “Triple Crown” (Triple Crown). This year 127.si May’s Saturday third in the Preakness Stakes, which will be run, is 134th.Saturday’s June Belmont Stakes is held on the second Saturday.
Before that date, only Sir Barton (1919) had won all three races in the same year; after that date, nine more horses had the success of winning the “Triple Crown”. Only two coaches in the history of racing (James Fitzsimmons and Ben a. Jones) and a jockey (Eddie Arcaro) twice had the joy of the “Triple Crown.”
15 racehorses participated in the first Kentucky Derby, which was watched by about 10,000 spectators, and Aristides, who finished first, earned his owner $ 2,850. The trainer who has won the most races since then is Ben A. Jones (6 times) and the jockeys who won the most races were Eddie Arcaro and Bill Hartack (5 times). Female horses have placed first only three times (Regret -1915, Genuine Risk-1980 and Winning Colors-1988).
Horse racing the Kentucky Derby, with many memorable to the pages of history added: Hindoo (1881), brush (1869), Old Rosebud (1914), Regret (1915), Exterminator (1918), Sir Barton (1919), Zev (1923), Gallant Fox (1930), Assault (1946), Citation (1948), Swaps (1955), Northern Dancer (1964), Secretariat (1973), Seattle Slew (1977) and Affirmed (1978) would add color to this race.
In particular, Citation and Secretariat were separate in the hearts of racing fans. Citation, who won the “Triple Crown” in 1948, has not had a horse repeat this feat for exactly 25 years.
During this time, radio broadcasts were replaced by television broadcasts, a.B.D. he replaced 5 presidents, the first astronaut was sent to the moon, but no racehorse could be bred to replace citation.
Citation, who finished 28 of the 30 races he participated in at the age of 2 and 3, where he was most efficient, also holds the record, winning 16 races in a row between 1948 and 1950, but was beaten by Cigar in 1996. Citation also has the distinction of being the first racehorse to earn more than $ 1 million to its owner.
Secretariat, who repeated citation’s success a quarter of a century later, became the first horse in Derby history to go under 2 minutes. The horse that came closest to the record broken by the 1973 “Triple Crown” winning racehorse Secretariat with 1 minute 59 2/5 seconds (and the first to go under 2 minutes after that date) was last year’s winner Monarchos (1 minute 59 4/5).
Secreteriat had managed to gradually increase his speed every quarter mile while breaking this record, and these distances were respectively 25 1/5, 24, 23 4/5, 23 2/5 and it passed with 23 seconds. Professor of Veterinary Science at the University of Kentucky who performed his autopsy when Secretariat died in 1989 at the age of 19. Thomas Swerczek explained that although all the other organs of Secretariat were normal, his heart was 2.5 times larger than normal.
This year’s winner of the Kentucky Derby, with such a respectable and colorful history, was War Emblem, owned by Saudi Prince Ahmed Salman. Salman, the first Arab-born horse owner to win the Kentucky Derby, said after the race that “I love you guys in America” was the headline of many news stories originating in America. Finishing the race with 18 outstanding horses in 2:01:13 (and the ninth best Kentucky Derby rating), War Emblem managed to lead the run from the first quarter mile (the last time being Winning Colors, who won the Derby in 1988), so far only 21 horses have won the Kentucky Derby, remaining in the lead throughout the race.
In fact, in such races, taking the lead in the first quarter mile seems to be an important advantage, but given that racehorses can only maintain the peak of their speed at 400 m, it is inevitable that horses that consume their energy in the first meters, but increase their speed in a balanced way and strategic points, will succeed. As a matter of fact, in the 1986 Derby, the first quarter mile of the top Avenger passed in 21 4/5 seconds, which was a derby record, but the race was only 19. he was able to finish in line.
War Emblem’s jockey, 29-year-old Victor Espinoza’s first Kentucky Derby experience was last year’s run, and Espinoza had taken third place with Congaree in 2001.
On the other hand, the horse that was delivered to trainer Bob Baffert only 3 weeks ago won the race despite this short-term training can be explained by Baffert’s experience: Baffert won the Kentucky Derby with Silver Charm in 1997 and Real Quiet a year later.
He won the $ 875,000 War Emblem Illinois Derby on April 6, 2002 after a race in which he again led from start to finish.