What is Sugar? We explain what sugars are, their properties and how they are classified. Also what are their properties and examples.
Sugars are the most carbohydrates Simple. What is sugar? When we talk about sugar or carbohydrates, from a biochemical point of view, we refer to a certain kind of primitive organic macromolecules characterized by its sweet taste.
Its molecule is predominantly composed of carbon (C), oxygen (O) and hydrogen (H) atoms, That’s why they form one of the simplest types of carbohydrates.
Sugars are called carbohydrates as if they were all the same: but technically not very precise. It is really carbohydrates, but not all carbohydrates are sugar.
Although we call the foods we use to sweeten sugar, it’s actually just a
Also called carbohydrate. This name comes from the Greek glucose (“sweet”). Probably the most common carbohydrate comes “glucose”.
The typical formula for a sugar molecule is (CH 2 O) n, where n can have a value of 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8. Definition of sugars Sugars can be defined as a type of carbohydrate organic molecule, that is, a kind of simple carbohydrate.
Chemically, they consist of repeating units of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms.
It is one of the most abundant organic compounds and key parts in nature. As we know for life.
Properties of Sugars Sugars are easily digested by the body. Sugar molecules can have long chains of smaller molecules or consist of only one, but their atoms are usually arranged in a ring.
These are usually transparent or whitish compounds, crystalline in appearance and dissolve in water upon entering the body. easily assimilated in the intestine.
Sugar types Sugars are classified according to their complexity, that is, the number of units or rings offered by their molecules. . Hence we have the following types:
Monosaccharides. Also called simple sugars, they have a single unit and are therefore the smallest molecules. They are named according to the amount of carbon atoms they present: trioses (3), tetroses (4), pentoses (5), etc. Disaccharides. Also called double sugar, they are the product of combining two identical or different monosaccharides, resulting in a disaccharide. Trisaccharides. Also called triple candies, 3 units. We’ll talk over eleven units of polysaccharides: carbohydrates that do not taste sweet but consist of: many units of high molecular weight carbohydrates are insoluble in water and certainly not sugar. Sugars are simple macromolecules and in this sense they have relatively fast process cycles (metabolism).
Their primary role is energy source at the cellular level: glycolysis after incorporation into the body. The reduction of sugar (glucose) molecules through complex oxidation processes using oxygen from (or water).
The decomposition of sugar allows the release of chemical energy in the form of ATP (Adenosine triphosphate), which can be reused for all other processes in the body. How are candies obtained? Sugars, cane sugar, or beets (in this case, sucrose is obtained).
When it comes to our bodies, part of the digestive function is to reduce the digested chemical elements to their essential components, most of which are exactly carbohydrates
Differences between sugars and carbohydrates Sugars are simple substances, while carbohydrates are longer. As mentioned earlier, the main difference between both depends on the degree of complexity.
All sugars are carbohydrates because they consist mainly of hydrogen, carbon and oxygen atoms.
But sugars Although they are relatively simple substances, carbohydrates are more extensive and now have basic properties: they are not sweet, they are insoluble in water, they have no reducing capacity, etc.
Why are sugars important? Sugars are an important source of chemical energy for organisms.
They are also the basic “building blocks” of larger and more complex compounds, such as extensive polysaccharide chains. In turn, perform much more complex functions: structural as material, as part of biochemical compounds etc.
Nutritional value of sugars Uncontrolled sugar intake leads to metabolic problems. Sugars contribute to the diet of about 4 kilocalories per gram consumed and do not contain vitamins or minerals.
Uncontrolled intakes especially in children and adolescents cause metabolic problems.
On the other hand, Leculae, which is rich in chemical energy, is stored in the body, thus causing an increase in body fat.
Sugar-rich foods Many foods of plant and animal origin are rich in simple sugars.
For example, fruits and vegetables all contain large amounts of fructose and sucrose, as well as honey, milk. Contains products (lactose) and cereals (maltose).
In the same mode, processed foods such as carbonated drinks, industrial bread and sweets and sweets with a very high sugar content.
Sugar samples Frukt oz is the sugar found in fruits and vegetables. Glucose The basic energy molecule to keep living things breathing. It is hexose (monosaccharide) and is free in honey and fruits. Fructose. Sugar, found in vegetables and fruits, with the same empirical formula as glucose, but structurally different. It is a ketohexose as it has six carbon atoms and a ketone group. Mannose A monosaccharide, which is common in plant tissues and can be classified as aldose, i.e. a sugar with an aldehyde group attached to one of the carbon atoms. It has enormous energy efficiency. Lactose. Sugar is found in simple milk and this gives both its sweetness and energy value. It is a disaccharide made up of a galactose molecule and another glucose. Sucrose. Common sugar or table sugar is a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose that is synthesized in plants but not in higher animals.
How is sugar good for you?
Most of us know that we need to cut down on sugar – doing so can lower your blood pressure, decrease your risk of heart attack and make you less likely to develop dementia. But according to a physician who specialises in brain health, sugar can have beneficial effects on our brain.