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What is body dysmorphia?

dismorfofobi

Body perception disorder (BAB) or body dysmorphic disorder(VDB) is basically an intense mental struggle with an imaginary or trivial Defect (s)in an individual’s appearance. This mental activity leads to serious restlessness in the person and deterioration in daily work and Human Relations.

Vücut dismorfik bozukluğu nedir? tanımı, ölçütleri ve teşhisi - 2021

CAUSAL FACTORS

The main causes of a person’s dissatisfaction with their physical appearance can be counted as low self-esteem, depression, eating disorders, and obesity.

The causes of Baba, which express a sick obsession with this subject, are multidimensional, including genetic-neurobiological, developmental, psychological, and social

Some authors evaluating Bab in the obsessive-compulsive spectrum report low serotonergic function and caudate core asymmetry.

Low self-esteem and early childhood traumas are thought to be the cause of the disease.

Body image, especially popular in Western culture, causes anorexia neurosis and some extended culture-related syndromes.

The ideal female type we see on television, newspapers and billboards is thin and large-breasted (meta female), while the ideal male type is lean and muscular (meta male).

It has been suggested that the father may be an expression of narcissism and may replace biological values when moral norms are violated.
In the first study of the disorder, Love reported a history of being exposed to sarcastic approaches to organs such as the head, nose and ear as a child.

The most common personality traits are shy, introverted and obsessive.

Beden Dismorfik Bozukluğu (BDB) Belirtileri ve Tedavi | Bitkisel Tedavi

CLINICAL FEATURES

Especially men and young people do not want to report their complaints about this condition due to feelings of humiliation and shame, or do not see them as a mental problem.

Although this disorder is classified as somatoform disorder, it has been proposed to be transferred to the Department of anskiye disorders on the grounds that it is associated with OCD.

In Bab, compulsive behavior is observed in the form of dealing with bodily defects in a person, obsessive; correcting a perceived defect, masking or repeatedly examining or avoiding looking at mirrors or glass reflectors, constantly seeking reassurance from others.

Most patients spend years until they see a psychiatrist (an average of 6 years) ; again, most are lonely, move away from society, close to home, some only go out at night.

These individuals whose body perception is distorted, especially dermatologists and plastic surgeons, to various specialists, aestheticians (!) references

The assurances provided provide only short-term relief in patients, but this deceptive relief can also be followed by the same assurances by saying,”it feels good to me” and without consequences.

Individuals ‘ perceptions of bodily defects are usually focused on the face and head area: wrinkles, scars, vascular manifestations, paleness or redness, swelling, facial asymmetry, weakness or hair loss, or excessive pubescence are common complaints.

These individuals are also the eyes, ears, nose, mouth, teeth, jaw, fingers, skin, and exaggerated concerns about the bigness or smallness of the genital organs for each type bicimsizlig observed: ‘big nose or head’, ‘small penis’, ‘long mouth’, ‘asymmetric face’ complaints are fairly common.

Women have more problems with hip volume and weight, men have more problems with height and genitals.

Instead of describing the defect in their organs in detail, patients talk more about the shame and humiliation they feel about it.

Anxiety associated with an average of 3-6 different organs is detected in an applicant, and these organs can change over time.

Beden Dismorfik Bozukluk

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