The simple language of the Tenth Amendment”powers not ceded by the Constitution to the United States and not prohibited by states belong to states or people, respectively ” emphasizes that the inclusion of a bill of Rights does not change the fundamental character of national government.
The Tenth Amendment’s simple language“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people”emphasizes that the inclusion of a bill of rights does not change the fundamental character of the national government. It remains a government of limited and enumerated powers, so that the first question involving an exercise of federal power is not whether it violates someone’s rights, but whether it exceeds the national government’s enumerated powers.
The states will not enter into any treaty, alliance, or Confederate agreement;
it will not allow attacks on enemy ships; it will not issue promissory notes used as money; debt
he will offer nothing but gold and silver money to pay; felony or treason
punishment without trial for his crimes and confiscation of all the property of the prisoner
a law that does not make decisions, is retroactive, or violates the Binding of contracts
he will not remove it, or give it any title of nobility.
Except that it is absolutely necessary to implement its own audit laws, no state,
Without the consent of Congress, any tax or picture on imports or exports
and all taxes that any state will impose on imports and exports, and
the net amount of the paintings shall belong to the treasury of the United States; and all such laws
It will be subject to scrutiny and oversight by Congress.
No state can impose a tonnage tax without the consent of Congress, in peacetime
no troops or warships, with another state or foreign state
agreement or contract will not enter, or bilfiil is not occupied or accept a delay
if there is no imminent danger, he will not go to war.