Today in History April 5: What Happened on This Date?

Today in History April 5: What Happened on This Date?

  • 1614 married John Rolfe of Pocahontas.The daughter of a chief of an Indian Tribe Called Powhatan, she had met Rolfe, a tobacco grower, who had been captured by the British.

  • In 1804, the first meteor on record crashed in Scotland.

  • After completing his 300-mile trek in 1930 India, Mahatma Gandhi reached the Dandi Coast.

  • A 1936 Mississippi tornado killed 233 people.

  • 1949 a hospital fire in Illinois killed 77 people.

  • 1951 Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were sentenced to death for spying for the Soviet Union.

  • 1973 Pierre Messmer becomes prime minister of France.

  • 1974 the World Trade Center, which was destroyed as a result of the September 11, 2001 attacks, was opened. The architect of the building, whose construction began in 1970 and cost $ 37 million, was Minuori Yamasaki.

  • 1992 the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence.

  • 1994 has been designated as the day Kurt Cobain died. On April 8, his body was found in the garage of his Seattle home.

  • 1998 the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world, connecting the islands of Shikoku and Honshu in Japan, was inaugurated.

  • 2002 Layne Staley, lead singer of the band Alice In Chains, died of an overdose. His body was unrecognisable when he was found at his home 15 days later. An autopsy revealed the body and cause of death. His death coincides with that of Kurt Cobain.

456 Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop
823 Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I as co-emperor of France
1058 Bishop Giovanni “Minchus” [“the thin”] elected as Anti-Pope Benedict X
1242 Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice
1424 Scottish King James I returns to Scotland after 18 years of detention at the English court
1566 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
1585 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch
1603 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London
1609 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa
1614 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)
1621 Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
1648 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people’s uprising in Naples
1722 Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island / Rapa Nui in the southeastern Pacific
1739 French and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI sign secret treaty
1751 Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself king of Sweden
1762 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
1764 British Parliament passes the Sugar Tax on the American colonies, introduced by Prime Minister George Grenville
1768 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)
1792 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto
1803 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven’s 2nd Symphony in D, conducted by the composer, in Vienna
1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil
1806 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
1812 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
1814 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes
1815 Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies, has its first violent eruption after several centuries of dormancy
1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile’s independence movement – led by Bernardo O’Higgins and José de San Martín – win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.
1847 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, opens in Birkenhead, England, designed by Joseph Paxton
1861 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
1862 Siege of Yorktown, fought in York County and Newport News, Virginia ends (Yorktown campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
1865 Battle at Amelia Springs, Jetersville Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
1874 Johann Strauss Jr’s opera “Die Fledermaus” premieres in Vienna
1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
1881 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
1887 Anne Sullivan teaches “water” to Helen Keller
1893 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
1894 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
1895 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices
1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called “Thirty Days’ War”, is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
1900 Attempted assassination of Edward Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
1901 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
1902 Maurice Ravel’s “Pavane pour une infante defunte” premieres in Paris
1902 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
1904 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
1905 James Barrie’s “Alice-sit-by-the-fire” premieres in London
1906 St Pius X encyclical “On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland”
1906 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates towns in the Naples province, killing more than 100 people
1908 British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns
1911 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
1911 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
1915 French begin Woëvre-offensive
1915 Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title
1916 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
1919 Eamon de Valera becomes President of Dail Eireann
1919 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
1919 Antwerp is officially declared the host city for the Games of the 7th Olympiad to be conducted in 1920; first post WWI Olympics
1922 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
1922 WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions

1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts producing inflatable tires
1925 Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election
1925 Yankees whip Dodgers in exhibition 16-9 but Babe Ruth collapses in NC due to an ulcer
1927 Johnny Weissmuller set records in 100 & 200 m free style
1929 Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact
1930 England cricketers dismissed for then record 849 v West Indies in 4th Test in Kingston, Jamaica; Andy Sandham out for 325
1932 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
1932 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government
1934 Baseball superstar Babe Ruth agrees to do three 15-minute broadcasts a week over NBC for a fee of $39,000 for 13 weeks; $4,000 more than his NY Yankees playing contract
1935 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
1936 Tupelo, Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
1938 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa, Poland
1939 Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
1940 99th Grand National: 25/1 shot Bogskar ridden by Royal Air Force sergeant Mervyn Jones wins by 4 lengths from MacMoffat; last true Aintree GN before a 5-year break due to World War II
1941 San Francisco Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
1943 Allies bomb Mortsel, Belgium’s worse lose of life during WWII (936 civilians)
1943 Japanese troops conquer Indin
1943 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman family after being adrift 133 days, after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat
1944 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
1945 World War II: Dutch city of Almelo is freed by the Second Canadian Corps
1946 1st performance of Charles Ives’ 3rd Symphony
1946 100th Grand National: Capt. Robert Petre wins aboard 25/1 shot Lovely Cottage; first true GN since 1940 due to World War II; last on a Friday
1948 WGN TV channel 9 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
1949 60 year old St Anthony’s Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
1949 Fireside Theater debuts on US television.
1950 Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins
1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death
1952 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title
1952 106th Grand National: Jockey Arthur Thompson and trainer Neville Crump combine for their second GN with Teal winning at odds of 100/7
1953 WEYI TV channel 25 in Saginaw, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1956 Ceylon’s Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (MEP), led by S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike wins the general elections in a landslide
1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest ever non-nuclear controlled explosions
1959 23rd US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Art Wall Jr wins by 1 stroke from Cary Middlecoff for his only PGA Tour major victory
1961 Barbra Streisand appears on “Jack Paar Show”
1961 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
1962 Herb Gardner’s “Thousand Clowns” premieres in NYC
1962 Mgr J Daems appointed bishop of Antwerp
1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m
1962 St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands
1963 Beatles receive their 1st silver disc (Please Please Me)
1963 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
1964 1st driverless trains run on London Underground
1965 37th Academy Awards: “My Fair Lady”, Rex Harrison & Julie Andrews (Mary Poppins) win awards
1965 Lava Lamp Day celebrated
1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1966 WTVX TV channel 34 in Ft Pierce-Vero Beach, FL (IND) 1st broadcast
1967 ’76er Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA record of 41 rebounds
1967 ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit
1968 Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego opens
1969 Massive anti-Vietnam War demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities
1970 WSNS TV channel 44 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
1971 Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
1971 Mount Etna erupts in Sicily
1971 US Lt William Calley sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre
1971 WNJT TV channel 52 in Trenton, NJ (PBS) begins broadcasting
1971 Sri Lanka’s communist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) launches insurrection against the United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike

1972 The regular MLB season fails to open due to a player strike for the first time in history; 86 games are lost before the labor dispute settled
1972 Mets trade Ken Singleton to Expos for Rusty Staub
1973 NFL adopts jersey numbering system (ie QBs, 1-19)
1973 Pioneer 11 launched to Jupiter
1974 Last day of Test cricket for Garry Sobers & Rohan Kanhai
1975 “Letter for Queen Victoria” closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 18 performances

1975 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely
1975 129th Grand National: Irish combination of jockey Tommy Carberry aboard L’Escargot wins by 15 lengths from 7/2 favourite and 1973-74 winner Red Rum
1975 American tennis #1 Chris Evert wins her 3rd WTA Tour Championship at the Los Angeles Sports Arena; beats Martina Navratilova 6-4, 6-2
1976 Harold Wilson resigns as James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1976 Tom Stoppard’s play “Dirty Linen and New-Found-Land” premieres in London
1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 Ex-premier Pol Jar flees out of Cambodia
1981 Philadelphia Flyers amass a record 2,621 penalty minutes
1982 Aircraft carriers Invincible and Hermes with escort vessels left Portsmouth for the Falkland Islands
1982 43 year old St. Louis reliever Jim Kaat pitches 1 inning for the Cardinals in a season-opening, 14-3 rout of Houston; sets a MLB record for pitchers by playing in his 24th consecutive season
1982 Lord Carrington, British foreign secretary resigns due to Falklands war
1983 France throws out 47 Soviet diplomats
1983 NY Met Tom Seaver’s sets record 14th NL Opening Day assignment
1984 “Human Comedy” opens at Royale Theater NYC for 13 performances
1984 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar breaks Wilt Chamberlain’s all-time career scoring record of 31,419 points (31,421)
1986 Record for a throw-and-return boomerang toss is set (121m)
1986 US soldier & Turkish woman killed in West Berlin disco bombing
1986 140th Grand National: Richard Dunwoody aboard 9-year-old 15/2 second favourite West Tip wins by 2 lengths from Young Driver
1987 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women’s Golf, Mission Hills CC: Betsy King wins the first of her 6 major titles in a sudden-death playoff with Patty Sheehan, with a par on the 2nd extra hole
1987 Fox TV network premieres showing “Married With Children” and “The Tracey Ullman Show”
1987 Wayne Gretzky wins 7th straight NHL scoring title
1989 David Letterman becomes 1st network TV series to use dolby stereo
1989 Orel Hershiser consecutive scoreless streak of 59 innings ends
1989 Solidarity grants legal status in Poland
1990 John Stockton reaches 1000-assist mark for NBA record 3 yrs in a row
1990 NY Rangers beat NY Islanders 2-1 in 1st game of preliminary
1990 Paul Newman wins a court victory over Julius Gold, to keep giving all profits from Newman foods to charity
1991 Joe Dumaars (Detroit) ends NBA free throw streak of 62 games
1991 Kitty Kelly publishes a book knocking Nancy Reagan
1991 Southeast Airlines Embracer 120 crashes in Georgia, killing 23
1991 Space Shuttle STS 37 (Atlantis 8) launched
1991 US begins air drops to Kurd refugees in Northern Iraq
1992 “Search & Destroy” closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 46 performances
1992 11th NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Western Kentucky, 78-62; Cardinal guard Molly Goodenbour MOP
1992 The Tradition Senior Men’s Golf, GC at Desert Mountain: Lee Trevino win his second Champions Tour major by 1 stroke from Jack Nicklaus

1992 Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori suspends the constitution and dissolves Congress
1992 WrestleMania VIII, Hoosier Dome, Indianapolis, IN (62,167): Hulk Hogan defeats Sid Justice by DQ; Randy Savage beats Ric Flair for WWF Heavyweight title
1992 Serbian troops begin besieging Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, which would become the longest siege in modern warfare
1992 Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington, D.C.
1993 55th NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: North Carolina beats Michigan, 77-71; Tar Heels’ 3rd title
1993 73,293 see the NY Yankees beat the Cleveland Indians, 9-1 in the season opener at Cleveland Stadium
1993 Construction begins on Cleveland’s Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
1993 A win and a loss for MLB expansion teams in their debut games; Florida Marlins beat LA Dodgers, 6-3 in Miami; the Colorado Rockies lose to Mets, 3-0 in NYC
1993 Republican Guard kills 64 in Chad
1994 “Jackie Mason Politically Incorrect” opens at Golden NYC for 347 performances
1994 Miami Heat beat NY Knicks ending 15 game NBA winning streak
1996 John Bobbitt is put under house arrest in Las Vegas for 120 days
1997 Galileo, 3rd Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 7)
1997 Steve Irwin’s “The Crocodile Hunter” debuts
1998 France thrashes Wales, 51-0 at Wembley Stadium, London for it’s second straight Five Nations Rugby Championship and Grand Slam; fly-half Christophe Lamaison lands 5 conversions and 2 penalties
1998 The Arizona Diamondbacks record their first win in team history with a 3-2 victory over the San Francisco Giants in Phoenix, AZ; ends second-worst start ever (0-5) by an expansion team
1998 The Tradition Senior Men’s Golf, GC at Desert Mountain: Defending champion Gil Morgan wins by 2 strokes from Tom Wargo
1999 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
2003 18th Soap Opera Digest Awards – General Hospital wins
2003 156th Grand National: 10-year-old 16/1 shot Monty’s Pass, ridden by Barry Geraghty wins by 12 lengths from 2001 Welsh National winner Supreme Glory
2003 The Kansas City Royals become the first MLB team to begin the season 5-0 after losing 100 games the previous year, beating the Cleveland Indians, 2 – 1
2004 66th NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Georgia Tech, 82-73; Huskies’ forward Emeka Okafor named tournament Most Outstanding Player
2005 24th NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship: Baylor beats Michigan State, 84-62; Bears’ small forward Sophia Young is named Most Outstanding Player

2005 The Washington Nationals lose their inaugural season opener, 8-4 to the Philadelphia Phillies; first team to represent the nation’s capital since the Washington Senators left after the 1971 season
2008 161st Grand National: 7/1 joint favourite Comply or Die wins in Irish jockey Timmy Murphy’s 11th attempt, 4 lengths ahead of King John’s Castle
2009 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks
2009 44th Academy of Country Music Awards: Carrie Underwood & Brad Paisley win
2009 Kraft Nabisco Championship Women’s Golf, Mission Hills CC: Brittany Lincicome eagles the final hole to win her first major title, 1 stroke ahead of fellow American Cristie Kerr
2009 WrestleMania XXV, Reliant Stadium, Houston, TX (72,744): The Undertaker defeats Shawn Michaels; John Cena beats Edge and The Big Show; Triple H downs Randy Orton
2010 72nd NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: Duke beats Butler, 61-59; Blue Devils’ forward Kyle Singler, 19 points
2011 30th NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship: Texas A&M beats Notre Dame, 76-70; Aggies center Danielle Adams scores 22 of her 30 points in the 2nd half
2012 Severe storms in Argentina kill 14 people
2012 77-year old pensioner’s suicide outside Greek parliament prompts further protests in Athens
2012 International internet group Anonymous hack several Chinese bureaus in opposition to censorship
2012 A three-run homer by J.P. Arencibia off Jairo Asencio gives the Toronto Blue Jays a 7-4 win over the Cleveland Indians; 16 inning game duration a MLB Opening Day record
2013 Japan’s Nikkei 225 reaches its highest level in five years
2013 60 people are killed in Nigeria after a bus collides with an oil tanker
2013 Baltimore outfielder Chris Davis becomes 4th player to homer in first 4 games of a MLB season; 8th-inning grand slam propels Orioles to a 9-5 win over the Twins; his RBI total of 16 a MLB record
2014 167th Grand National: Leighton Aspell wins aboard Pineau de Re; sixth French-bred horse to win the GN
2014 Minnesota manager Ron Gardenhire picks up the 1,000th win of his MLB career as the Twins score a 7 – 3 victory over the Cleveland Indians
2015 Rolling Stone Magazine retracts its “Rape on Campus” story about a gang rape at the University of Virginia after being discredited

2015 ANA Inspiration Women’s Golf, Mission Hills CC: Brittany Lincicome eagles last hole to force a playoff, then beats Stacy Lewis on 3rd extra hole to win her 2nd major title.
2016 Iceland’s Prime Minister Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson resigns after the Panama Papers leak show a conflict of interest
2016 San Francisco becomes the first US city to mandate paid parental leave
2016 PayPal announces it is cancelling a $3.6 million investment in North Carolina after the state passes anti-gay legislation
2016 “One Dance” single Released by Drake (Billboard Song of the Year 2016)
2016 35th NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship: Connecticut defeats Syracuse, 82–51; Huskies’ power forward Breanna Stewart, 24 points
2017 Pepsi ad featuring Kendall Jenner pulled after criticized for trivializing demonstrations
2019 OKC guard Russell Westbrook becomes first player in NBA history to average a triple-double for the third consecutive season during the Thunder’s 123-110 win at home over Detroit Pistons
2020 British monarch Queen Elizabeth II makes an address to the nation “we will meet again”, for only the 5th time in her 66-year reign
2020 British Prime Minister Boris Johnson admitted to hospital suffering from COVID-19
2020 WrestleMania XXXVI, WWE Performance Center, Orlando FL, Part 2: Drew McIntyre defeats Brock Lesnar to win the WWE C’ship; Charlotte Flair beats Rhea Ripley for NXT Women’s title

2062 Earth’s 1st contact with the extra-terrestrial Vulcan species in the Star Trek universe