Today in History April 19: What Happened on This Date?

  • 607 Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth,.
  • 1012 Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London.
Today in History April 19: What Happened on This Date?
  • 1451 Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne
  • 1524 Pope Clemens VII fires Neth inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
  • 1529 2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism
  • 1539 Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel
  • 1810 Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1825 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1836 Nikolai Gogol’s “Revisor” premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1837 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • 1839 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1852 California Historical Society forms
  • 1853 Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 1861 Baltimore riots – 4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • 1861 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • 1863 Union troops and fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • 1874 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • 1877 Opera “Les Cloches de Cornerville” is produced (Paris)
  • 1904 Much of Toronto destroyed by fire
  • 1906 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • 1906 SF Earthquake ends killing 452
  • 1909 13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud in 2:53:36.8
  • 1915 19th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Édouard Fabre in 2:31:41.2
  • 1916 “Bing Boys are Here” opens in London
  • 1916 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • 1916 Alderman Kelly reads the ‘Castle Order’ to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent “trouble”
  • 1919 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • 1919 Leslie Irvin of US makes first premeditated free-fall parachute jump
  • 1919 Opera “Monsieur Beaucaire” is produced (London)
  • 1920 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
  • 1921 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • 1923 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • 1924 “National Barn Dance” premieres on WLS Chicago
  • 1926 30th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Johnny Miles in 2:25:40.4
  • 1927 “Vagabond King” opens in London
  • 1936 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine, anti-Jewish riots break out
  • 1937 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
  • 1938 Phil Emmett Mueller & Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat
  • 1939 Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)
  • 1940 “Lake Shore Ltd” derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls, New York
  • 1940 Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege
  • 1941 Bertolt Brecht’s play “Mother Courage and her Children” premieres in Zurich
  • 1941 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • 1941 Milk rationed in Holland
  • 1943 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8; his 2nd of 4 wins in the event
  • 1943 Bicycle Day – Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • 1944 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • 1944 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • 1945 Rodgers & Hammerstein musical “Carousel” opens on Broadway
  • 1945 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • 1945 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established
  • 1946 Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out
  • 1947 AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds
  • 1947 French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522
  • 1947 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs edge Montreal Canadiens, 2-1 for a 4-2 series win; first all-Canadian final since 1935
  • 1947 Suh Yun Buck wins world record marathon (2:25:39)
  • 1964 Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier
  • 1964 Roger Sessions’ opera “Montezuma” premieres in West Berlin
  • 1965 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating
  • 1965 69th Boston Marathon won by Morio Shigematsu of Japan in race record 2:16:33
  • 1965 T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London
  • 1965 At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun’s glare, this causes the grass to die
  • 1965 “Whipped Cream & Other Delights”, fourth full album by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass Band, is released
  • 1966 In 1st regular season game at Anaheim Stadium, Angels lose 3-1 to Chic
  • 1967 Beatles sign a contract to stay together for 10 years (they don’t)
  • 1967 Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4½ years
  • 1968 Belgian construction workers strike
  • 1968 NL owners approve expansion for 2 new teams
  • 1969 Serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association marchers and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary
  • 1971 Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1971 USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit
  • 1972 “Don’t Bother Me, I Can’t Cope” opens at Playhouse NYC for 1,065 performances
  • 1972 Bangladesh becomes a member of the British Commonwealth
  • 1972 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1974 Oriole Al Bumbry hits an inside-the-park HR against NY Yankees
  • 1975 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • 1976 80th Boston Marathon: US double; Jack Fultz is men’s winner in 2:20:19; Kim Merritt takes women’s section in 2:47:10
  • 1978 Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel
  • 1979 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Brooklyn New York)
  • 1980 25th Eurovision Song Contest: Johnny Logan for Ireland wins singing “What’s Another Year” in The Hague
  • 1981 Oakland A’s runs record to 11-0
  • 1981 William Finn’s musical “March of Falsettos” premieres in NYC
  • 1982 86th Boston Marathon: American Alberto Salazar claims men’s title in 2:08:51; Charlotte Teske of West Germany wins women’s section in 2:29:33
  • 1982 Guinon Bluford announced as 1st African American NASA astronaut
  • 1982 Rosie Ruiz, marathon race cheater, arrested for forgery
  • 1987 Brendon Kuruppu scores 201* on Test Cricket debut (Sri Lanka v NZ)
  • 1987 Brewers score 5 runs in 9th to win 6-4 & record 12th straight AL win
  • 1987 Jacqueline Blanc, sets women’s downhill ski speed rec (124.902 mph)
  • 1987 LA Clippers end season with a terrible 12-70 record
  • 1987 Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve
  • 1987 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1989 Gun turret explodes on USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors
  • 1989 Kevin Elster (NY Mets), sets error-less shortstop mark at 73
  • 1989 Republic Day in Sierra Leone
  • 1989 Central Park Five: Violent rape of jogger Trisha Meili in NYC’s Central Park became one of the most widely publicized crimes of the 1980s. 5 men wrongfully convicted spend between 6-13 years in prison
  • 1990 Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas & incoming government agree to truce n Nicaragua’s civil war
  • 1991 Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990
  • 1992 PGA Seniors’ Championship Men’s Golf, PGA National GC: Lee Trevino beats Mike Hill by 1 stroke for his 3rd seniors major title
  • 1992 “4 Baboons Adoring the Sun” closes at Beaumont NYC after 38 performances
  • 1992 Balki & Mary Ann wed on “Perfect Strangers”
  • 1993 97th Boston Marathon: Cosmas N’deti of Kenya wins men’s event in 2:09:33; Olga Markova of Russia repeats as women’s champion in 2:25:27
  • 1993 After a 51 day siege by the FBI 76 Branch Davidians die in a fire near Waco Texas (accident, suicide, tear gas are disputed causes)
  • 1993 Fire in psychiatric institute in South Korea, kills 40
  • 1993 South Dakota governor George Mickelson and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crash lands in Iowa
  • 1994 Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10km (11:25.88)
  • 1994 Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election

2 Comments

Leave a reply