right-to-vote-for-minorities:-understand-everything-about-the-vast-electoral-reform-wanted-by-biden

Right to vote for minorities: understand everything about the vast electoral reform wanted by Biden

Joe Biden has no other choice: the American president will have to convince, on Thursday, all the Democratic senators, without exception, to push through an electoral reform protecting access to the vote of African Americans, with which he hopes to revive his silted presidency. The tenant of the White House has promised to protect access to ballot boxes for minorities and the transparency of voting operations. However, the Democrats will undoubtedly have to force their way through to save this electoral reform: however, very respectful of parliamentary procedure, Joe Biden announces that he wishes to change the rules to make pass electoral reform. The objective for the former senator: to avoid another failure after the freezing of the major social and environmental spending plan known as “Build Back Better”.

Facts. Joe Biden wants to protect access to the ballot boxes for minorities and the transparency of voting operations, in the face of a multitude of reforms undertaken by conservative states, particularly in the south of the country. NGOs assure that these measures adopted by Republicans particularly discriminate against African-Americans , who overwhelmingly voted for Joe Biden in the last election. To block, two texts – now merged into one – aim to harmonize voting practices and give the federal state a right to look at local initiatives. Joe Biden believes that the achievements of the fight for civil rights for years are at stake 854, acquired locally by Republicans, with the blessing of a Court supreme which has become very conservative, and with the encouragement of Donald Trump who continues to claim without proof that the election of his successor is fraudulent.

Why it matters. To pass this law, it would be necessary in theory 60 vote, to conform to a very entrenched parliamentary practice. This “filibuster rule” is supposed to encourage moderation and dialogue across partisan lines, but it actually gives enormous blocking power to the opposition, especially when the parliamentary balance of power is as tense as it is today. The Democrats have only one solution to save their electoral reform: to break this parliamentary practice and to force the simple majority.

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In this scenario, after procedural votes this weekend, the electoral reform itself could be adopted on Sunday, or, very symbolically, on Monday 16 January. Which is a holiday in the United States in memory of Martin Luther King, icon of the struggle for civil rights . The White House must convince the senator from West Virginia Joe Manchin. Another moderate senator, Kyrsten Sinema, has already said Thursday that she opposes the strategy proposed by Joe Biden. It is this blasting of the “rule of the filibuster” that the two moderate senators – moreover favorable to the reform itself – taste little. Too authoritarian, believe the two elected officials and likely to come back to them like a boomerang if the Republicans, which is quite possible, take the majority in the Senate during legislative elections in the fall. As for the Republicans, they are extremely upset. Their Senate leader, Mitch McConnell, on Thursday accused Joe Biden of taking an “outrageous and divisive” course.

In what context. The offensive of the American president gives a strong impression of deja vu. In December, the Democrat found himself in exactly the same position: having to mobilize without exception all the votes of his majority in the Senate (51 counting the vote of Vice President Kamala Harris, against 50 to the Republicans) around a very ambitious social spending project. The torturous negotiations turned into a dialogue between the White House and one man, Joe Manchin. Until a brutal outcome on December, when this centrist, all by himself, derailed this project at 1960 billions of dollars, attracting a sour response from the White House .

Joe Biden, already very unpopular, cannot afford to suffer another failure. “The honeymoon has ended, and it is inevitable at this point that the president’s popularity will decline,” moderated Bruce Buchanan, presidential expert at the University of Texas in L’Express. Abandoning his posture as a good-natured unifier, he has just delivered two speeches of unprecedented virulence, on Capitol Hill and then in Georgia, to defend this new legislation on the vote, and accuse the Republicans of undermining, purely and simply, the exercise of the Universal suffrage. Speaking of a “turning point” for the United States, the Democrat of 79 year assured that “every member of the Senate would be judged by history”.

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