New “immediate program” at a glance: Greens are planning a new super-ministry with unprecedented power

Overview of the new “immediate program”: Greens plan new super-ministry with unprecedented power

In a landscape that marked the last ice age has shaped, the Greens explains what it plans to do first in the fight against global warming. A new super ministry with the right to veto is to control the climate policy of a green federal government. What else is in the “immediate climate protection program”?

The Greens have on Tuesday in Berlin presented an “immediate climate protection program” that they want to promote in the event of a change of government. This includes the creation of a climate protection ministry . The ministry is to have a veto right over other departments in order to prevent laws that do not comply with the Paris Climate Agreement of Paris are compatible.

At If she were to participate in the government, her party would “decide on the biggest climate protection program” that has ever existed, said the Green Chancellor candidate Annalena Baerbock at the presentation of the immediate program in the “Biesenthaler Becken” nature reserve near Berlin. She referred to the flood disaster in several regions of Germany and the fires in the Mediterranean. That made it clear once again: “The climate crisis is nothing abstract, but happens here in the midst of us.”

Climate policy of the federal government : “More than fatal” In history, Germany and Europe has often been faced with setting the course, “where it took courage to dare something new again and again,” said Baerbock. This courage is now also needed for climate protection. The current federal government accused the Greens – chairmen of having made it especially clear when it came to climate protection “Everything that doesn’t work”. That was “more than fatal”. If the wait continues, it will not only affect global warming, but also Germany as an industrial location. Then climate-neutral technologies would not be developed in this country, but in other countries.

Co-party leader Robert Habeck described the pressure to act as “high”. It is a matter of planning faster and accelerating approval procedures, for example for wind turbines. Climate protection covers all political fields of action.

“Climate Task Force” should be in the first 100 days a week The immediate program also provides for a “Climate Task Force of the Federal Government” , which should meet in the first 35 days on a weekly basis, “to allow coordination processes within of the ministries to streamline and accelerate “. The new climate protection ministry targeted by the Greens is to be in the lead.

Other measures listed in the program include a rising CO2 price of initially 35 euros per ton , a on 2030 early coal phase-out and a investment program for energetic building renovation . The Greens want to turn the coming federal budget into a “climate protection budget” . In addition, billions of euros are to be spent on climate protection 15.

Through an amendment to the Fuel Emissions Trading Act, the Greens want the CO2 price for heat and transport to 60 Euro from 2023 prefer. In return, a social balance should be created. For this, the income from the CO2 price should be returned to the people in full – as energy money , which is annually should be paid per capita, as well as a lowering of the EEG surcharge .

Fund should support financially weak owners with climate neutrality A Climate Bonus Fund should also support those , “For whom the path to climate neutrality is financially not easy to cope with”. The aim is to support the installation of heat pumps in homes or the purchase of an emission-free vehicle.

The minimum wage the Greens want to raise to twelve euros, “so that people with low incomes in particular are not overwhelmed by rising prices for individual goods in terms of climate protection.”

Other points include:

Solar systems want the Greens in new buildings in public buildings and commercial buildings as well as extensive renovations make it standard . A solar obligation should be anchored in the Building Energy Act. The Greens adapt the area planning for wind power so that two percent of the land area is available for wind . Individual federal states should only be able to deviate downwards if they agree with other federal states that they provide more space accordingly. The expansion of offshore wind energy in the North and Baltic Seas should be accelerated until 2035 35 Gigawatt installed capacity exists. For this purpose, the land use plans should be adjusted immediately and at the same time a stakeholder dialogue should be set up with representatives from shipping, fishing, the offshore industry, nature conservation, raw material extraction and the military in order to minimize competition for use from the start. Building on this, priority and reservation areas are defined, which defuse the competition for land use in favor of climate and nature conservation. Experts praise plans, criticism from CSU and FDP Environment and energy experts largely welcome the Greens’ plans, but warn them. that even their goals are still too unambitious. “Some good suggestions for climate protection,” wrote Volker Quaschnig, Professor of Renewable Energy Systems at HTW Berlin, on Twitter. “But the expansion goals for photovoltaics and wind power are for compliance with the Paris climate protection agreement far too low. ”

The idea of ​​a super-ministry for climate protection with the right to veto has met with criticism from representatives of the federal government. “You cannot shape the future with a veto ministry,” said Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer ( CSU ) on Tuesday. He referred to the departmental coordination within the federal government, in which all ministries are involved. , criticized FDP – boss Christian Lindner. His party colleague and climate politician Lukas Köhler speaks of a “wild mess of small-scale individual measures” and instead wants to rely on emissions trading.

Baerbock is aware of this popular image of the Greens as a prohibition party. But it shouldn’t work entirely without bans. Climate protection needs a triad of regulatory law, a clear CO2 price and funding policy. But regulatory law means: clear legal requirements. Habeck confirms that the end of the internal combustion engine must come, 2030 is “set”. And the Greens want to bring the coal phase out to the same year ? , it is crucial to shut down many power plants as quickly as possible, and not when the last power plant will go offline. The goal so far is a coal phase-out by 2038.

“This is a fooling around the people”: Angry speech by Baerbock in Heidelberg ufe / AFP / dpa