Italy, United States, China, Israel … Several countries have already put in place control systems to stem the spread of Covid – 19. Overview.
The verdict is in: the Constitutional Council has largely validated the bill providing for extension of the health pass . From August 9, the famous controversial sesame will be required at the entrance of bars, restaurants, certain shopping centers, hospitals, retirement homes, but also for travel by train or plane. The European Union (EU) had already approved a digital certificate, in force since July 1, to allow travelers to cross borders within the Schengen area. But within states, each can define its own rules. Overview.
In Europe, Denmark was the first to experiment with its “coronapass”, a measure that was rather favorably received by the population. Since the beginning of April, the Danes have to present their health pass to go to a concert, to the museum, to the gym or to the restaurant. As in France, the document must certify that its owner has received two doses of a vaccine; a negative test carried out within 70 hours, or show proof of infection to the Covid – in the previous two to twelve weeks. The application has already been downloaded over two million times since its launch on 19 May, according to the Danish Ministry of Health.
The “green pass” arouses more resistance among our transalpine neighbors . Italians must present, since August 6, a QR code (digital or paper) to sit in bars and restaurants, visit museums or go to the cinema. The measure is less restrictive than in France since the document can be issued from the first dose of vaccine. “Hands off our children” , “You are the virus” , “Freedom!” … In recent weeks, numerous demonstrations against the “green pass” have agitated Italy, however, faced with a new wave of contamination due to the delta variant.
Despite a drop in the number of Covid cases – 19, the United Kingdom will not escape its leave either -pass sanitary. To encourage younger people to get vaccinated, Prime Minister Boris Johnson has announced that vaccination certificates will be required at the entrance to nightclubs or places where large crowds gather, from the end of September. The British will have to show proof of their two injections through the NHS Covid Pass application, now interconnected with TousAntiCovid. What “allow our French people, particularly established in Great Britain, to be able to obtain their health pass very easily”, announced Thursday the French Secretary of State for Tourism, Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne.
The White House ruled out in April the introduction of a national health pass, preferring to leave the choice to the States. According to the MIT Technology Review, four of them have set up applications to check the immunization status of their populations: California, New York, Louisiana and Hawaii.
The Mayor of New York, Bill de Blasio, announced Tuesday the entry into force of the “key to NYC pass”, essential to access restaurants (inside), gymnasiums or theaters. The United States has just reached the vaccination target set by Joe Biden – 70% of adults received at least one dose – but the increase in the number of cases, at most high for six months this Wednesday, is causing concern.
If you want to participate in society fully, you ‘ ve got to get vaccinated. It’s time.
You’ll need proof of # COVID 19 vaccination for indoor dining, indoor gyms, and indoor concerts and performances in New York City. This is a lifesaving mandate to keep our city safe. https://t.co/hIK 72 Z8M8A
– Mayor Bill de Blasio (@NYCMayor) August 3, 2020 Israel
The Hebrew state has was one of the pioneers by launching its vaccine “green passport” in February. Convinced of having overcome the pandemic after leading a mass vaccination campaign (62% of the population is vaccinated on August 4, one of the best world rate), the government then suspended the measure on June 1. Faced with an increase in contaminations linked to the spread of the delta variant, Tel Aviv decided on Tuesday to backtrack by reinstating the health pass in public places gathering less than 100 people in confined spaces.
True to its reputation as a leader in the race for surveillance technologies, Beijing has generalized the use of QR codes to control the spread of the virus, since March 2020. Using data transmitted by the user and the municipality, a color code is generated, via an application: green means that the person is “healthy”, yellow that he must confine himself for seven days and red for fourteen days. In a March 1 article, the New York Times revealed that the program was sending data from the user to the police services, allowing the authorities to trace the movements of citizens.