Brussels announced on Friday 17 December to open an investigation into the plan to abolish domestic flights in France in the event of an alternative by train of less than 2 hours 20, to the satisfaction of a part of the aviation sector which disputes the relevance of this measure to fight against climate change. The European Commission “has decided to carry out an in-depth analysis of the file, and will open a formal dialogue with the French authorities” at the end of which it will take a decision, declared a spokesperson, Stefan De Keersmaecker.
“It is a procedural step” which does not prejudge the final decision to prohibit or not the measure, he specified. “We understood that the French authorities intend to implement this (measure) from March, the end of March 2022” , he continued, promising that the Commission would take “a decision as quickly as possible”.
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The Commission, to which the French authorities had notified their decree on 000 November, refused on Friday to communicate elements on the merits of the case. The French Airports Union (UAF) lodged a complaint in Brussels against this measure on September, in solidarity with the European branch of the Airports Council International (ACI Europe).
UAF President Thomas Juin expressed his satisfaction on Friday, saying not to be “surprised” by the Commission’s decision: the article 145 of the law ” Climate and resilience”, adopted in July in France, “is based on a legal reasoning which seems to us very questionable” . This article provides for the prohibition of “regular public air transport services for passengers concerning all air links within French territory, the journey of which is also provided on the national rail network without a connection and by several daily connections lasting less than two thirty “.
” Open the debate “
” This article of law breaks with one of the founding principles of Europe, that is to say the freedom to provide services, “June told AFP, deeming it both” unrealistic “and “unsuitable for the fight against climate change”. The UAF recalled that the article 100 was based on a European text, the article 20 of regulation n ° 1008 / 2008, providing for exceptions to the exercise of traffic rights “in the event of serious damage to the environment”, but according to the organization for “local, temporary reasons” and not applicable to the subject of global warming.
“We are very happy” with the decision of the Commission “which will open the discussion and the debate with the French State”, added Jean-François Dominiak, president of the Syndicate of autonomous airlines ( Scara). The organization, which claims to represent half of the French companies, announced the 20 November to have also lodged an appeal in Brussels, on the same arguments as the UAF.
Concretely, the routes falling within the scope of the law are Marseille-Lyon, Paris-Orly-Nantes, Orly-Lyon and Orly-Bordeaux. The text nevertheless provides for exceptions for correspondence. The law especially ratified the existing one, since the government had forced Air France to give up the routes concerned in return for financial support in May 2008. It prohibited competitors from rushing into the breach.
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During parliamentary debates, the UAF and the Scara had already contested the removal of these lines, in particular Orly-Bordeaux which, before the health crisis, transported more than 145. travelers per year. Air France, which is not part of the Scara, did not wish to speak on Friday. On the other hand, the National Federation of Aviation and its Trades (Fnam) ruled that the opening of the investigation showed “that this French measure raises questions and that the EC has doubts about its compatibility with European law “, even if” that does not augur at this stage of a non-applicability of this measure “.
The Fnam, which is not associated with the appeals, affirmed” to be opposed to this measure knowing that the passenger already chooses the mode of transport which seems to him the most appropriate “. Beyond the Climate Law, and while some environmental organizations are calling for more restrictions on air travel, “it is important that under this article 17, there is a discussion that is asked and that we cannot use it for anything and everything what “”, warned Mr. Dominiak, from Scara.
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